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What is the Neurodiversity Paradigm? Explaining Kuhn’s Theory of Paradigms Through Autism Advocacy Pt.1 The Medical Paradigm

Difficulty Level: 3rd Year Undergraduate, Masters, PhD Introduction Society has experienced a significant shift in attitude towards Autism from Autism as a medical disorder to Autism as a part of the Neurodiversity Paradigm. Such attitudes have seen the abandonment of adverts that argue that Autism ‘kidnaps’ children to celebrities embracing their identity such as Fern…

Did Descartes Sleep in an Oven? The Evidence for Descartes’s Visions

Difficulty Level: General Contents Introduction Imagine a cold November night in 1619. You are a soldier for the Dutch Army during the 30 Years War and stationed in Bavaria. To stay warm, you decide to crawl into an oven. While in there, you receive three visions from God about the underlying truths of the universe.…

What is Lived Experience in the Philosophy of Disability? An Extension of the Overthink Podcast

Difficulty: 3rd Year Undergraduate/Masters/PhD Contents Introduction Lived experience is a buzz word within the philosophy community currently. It has been identified as one of the most important tools for minorities to attack structures that have been used to oppress them in the past. However, there has been little examination of what lived experience is and…

What Do Frogs And Steam Trains Have To Do With The Human Mind? Huxley’s Epiphenomenalism And Mental Causation

Difficulty: A-Level/Undergraduate/Masters Contents Introduction The 19th century was an exciting time to be alive. Incredible inventions were being discovered (such as the steam engine) new scientific theories were being developed (such as Darwin’s theory of evolution) and new philosophical positions were being created (such as utilitarianism). The Victorians were also fascinated with carrying out lobotomies…

A Priori, A Posteriori, A Fortiori: What Do They All Mean? Philosophy Basics

Difficulty level: Undergraduate/ Masters A priori and a posteriori are common words within philosophy that are introduced to students on the A-Level specification. However, it wasn’t until I started my masters degree that I came across the term a fortiori. But what is the difference between them? And why are a priori and a posteriori…

Descartes Was Murdered… Or Was He? The Death Of Rene Descartes: Odd Histories

Rene Descartes is one of the most famous philosophers within the Western philosophical canon, contributing to many areas of philosophy such as metaphysics, philosophy of mind and philosophy of perception. However, his fame does not arise from his philosophical works alone. He also provides one of the most controversial deaths within the philosophy world. Not…

The Importance of Bodily Autonomy: Nurse Gives Patients Saline Instead of Vaccine

On Thursday 12th August, BBC News reported that a nurse in Germany had been giving patients an injection of saline (a harmless mixture of water and salt) instead of the Covid vaccination. She defended herself by arguing that she only did it to six patients due to dropping a number of vials needed to give…

#FREEBRITNEY and the Philosophy of Psychiatry: What questions does it raise?

In 2008, after a series of public mental breakdowns, Britney Spears was placed into a conservatorship. This conservatorship prevented Spears from making any of her own decisions, from whether she could get married to how often she could see her children. Over a decade later, it has come to the public’s attention through the #FREEBRITNEY…

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